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Bronze Sculpture

The technique used in the creation of bronze sculptures has changed very little since Antiquity. The sculptor begins by fashioning the subject in wax, then covers it with clay, pours on the bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, then breaks open the terracotta, leaving only the bronze object behind. Highly valued by sculptors, bronze is a robust and resistant material that fairs well outside. Using wax to create the initial mould allows for a high level of detail on the final sculpture, unlike steel sculpture. Certain nuances in colour can be produced through the use of patinas.

These qualities explain why bronze is one of the oldest materials to be used by humans. Indeed, bronze tools were used in Mesopotamia, Egypt and China in around 2,800 BC.

In Mesopotamia, near to present-day Iran, bronze was used to depict animals in sacred art. In Egypt, it was was used to personify the gods, and also to create small sculpture statues placed in the tombs of the deceased. However, it was Ancient Greece, where craftsmen began to sculpt human figures and deities with remarkable realism, that gave bronze its prominent place in the history of art. Many pieces of work were imported to Rome, where the production of bronze sculptures developed. Bronze sculptures soon began to decorate the theatres and the homes of the rich. Admiring the skills of the Greeks, the Romans began ordering sculptures from merchants and craftsmen, who made copies of the moulds of the statues.

With the birth of Christianity, evangelisation and the building of churches became the priorities, and bronze creations were replaced by stone sculptures for decorating churches. It was only in the 14th century that masterpieces were rediscovered during excavations of Italian archaeological sites. A century later, Brunelleschi and Ghiberti set the Renaissance in motion by decorating the doors of the Florence Baptistery in bronze. Donatello, inspired by ancient Roman sculpture, was the first to excel in the art of expressing emotions through bronze sculptures, followed by Verrocchio, his pupil (and master of Leonardo da Vinci). Although the practice spread throughout Europe, it was mainly focussed on Italy, where sculptors competed to obtain the most convincing results.

During the 16th century, the Flemish Jean de Bologne established himself as the undisputed master of bronze. He was the most copied artist in the 17th century, and it is partly due to him that the bronze sculpture spread across Europe. In Italy, production of bronze sculpture was fairly constant, irrespective of the period. In France, on the other hand, this technique depended on the political regime. When Louis XIV invited sculptors to his court (essentially to decorate Versailles) demand for bronze reappeared as a form of courtly art.

Bronze sculpture underwent a resurgence during the 19th century, with Rodin and Camille Claudel, and then with Cubism and the Art Deco movement. Bronze is an expensive, heavy material and costly for collectors to buy and its use has become less prevalent in the 20th and 21st centuries, but some artists use it nonetheless: Marc Quinn, Giuseppe Penone, Germaine Richier, Alberto Giacometti with his strange silhouettes, the animal bronzes of Brigitte Téman, the compressions of César Baldaccini, the Philippe Pasqua's butterflies and Olivier Messas's dancers or just still life sculpture can all be seen on Artsper !

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,501:1000 price,1001:5000 facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Pintura*pintura category,6*Gemälde*gemalde facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Dibujo*dibujo category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Print*print category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura price,50001 facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large price,5001:10000 facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft price,5000:1001 facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria price,10001:25000 facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*Öl*ol facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo
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Arman, Baroquial, Sculpture


Baroquial, 1984
14.2 x 5.9 x 5.9 inch


Valérie Hadida, Brindille "zenitude" #2/8, Sculpture

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Our recommendations Miguel Guía, Calme et le silence bronze, Sculpture

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Our recommendations Salvador Dali, Profil du temps, Sculpture

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20.1 x 13.8 x 13.8 inch


Our recommendations Christophe Charbonnel, Persée, Sculpture

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Petar Iliev, The rower, Sculpture

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Our recommendations Robert Combas, Les favelas électriques, Sculpture

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Christine Guillemin, Équilibre, Sculpture

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11.8 x 5.9 x 2 inch


Our recommendations Yoann Merienne, Mystère, Sculpture

Yoann Merienne

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Our recommendations Martín Duque, Degas Danseur de Ballet, Sculpture

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17.3 x 6.3 x 7.9 inch


Les Hélènes, Le Colombien, Sculpture

Les Hélènes

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10.6 x 3.9 x 1.2 inch


Cévé, Will I/IV, Sculpture


Will I/IV, 2019
3.5 x 4.7 x 2.6 inch


Our recommendations Patrick Villas, Tête de lion III, Sculpture

Patrick Villas

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24.8 x 16.5 x 17.7 inch


Our recommendations Marc Petit, La blouse bleue, Sculpture

Marc Petit

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20.5 x 6.7 x 5.1 inch


Nando Kallweit, Family I, Sculpture

Nando Kallweit

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11.8 x 4.3 x 3.1 inch


Our recommendations Linde Ergo, Les amoureux, Sculpture

Linde Ergo

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18.9 x 3.9 x 3.9 inch


Artigas Planas, Hope, Sculpture

Artigas Planas

Hope, 2021
8.3 x 13.4 x 3.1 inch


Our recommendations Philippe Buil, Bouteille champagne 142-21, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Bouteille champagne 142-21, 2021
11.4 x 3.9 x 6.7 inch

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Our recommendations Philip Hearsey, Surge II, Sculpture

Philip Hearsey

Surge II, 2019
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Georges Braque, Hermès, Sculpture

Georges Braque

Hermès, 2019
68.9 x 31.5 x 9.4 inch


Our recommendations Paul Rebeyrolle, Trois têtes, Sculpture

Paul Rebeyrolle

Trois têtes, 1994
19.7 x 25.6 x 1.6 inch


Our recommendations Milko Dobrev, Family, Sculpture

Milko Dobrev

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18.9 x 6.7 x 3.3 inch


Our recommendations Salfo Dermé (Yabré), Éléphant, Sculpture

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Gregos, Béatitude, Sculpture


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8.7 x 6.3 x 1.6 inch


Our recommendations Art Vladi, Cesar bronze, Sculpture

Art Vladi

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13 x 8.7 x 5.9 inch


Our recommendations Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa, 3 Acrobats, Sculpture

Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa

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11 x 10.2 x 4.7 inch


Jean-Jacques Mancardi, Hors Norme, Sculpture

Jean-Jacques Mancardi

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20.5 x 4.7 x 3.5 inch


Jaromir Gargulak, Apple, Apple, Sculpture

Jaromir Gargulak

Apple, Apple, 2021
4.3 x 3.1 x 2.8 inch


Our recommendations Luo Li Rong, Je me souviens de toi, Sculpture

Luo Li Rong

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11.8 x 10.2 x 4.7 inch


Our recommendations François Pompon, Le Grand-Duc, Sculpture

François Pompon

Le Grand-Duc, 1980
21.7 x 8.5 x 6.5 inch


Our recommendations Pierre Gimenez, Etirements, Sculpture

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Etirements, 2021
11.8 x 9.8 x 5.5 inch


Our recommendations Mireia Serra, Merry love, Sculpture

Mireia Serra

Merry love, 2020
2.8 x 6.7 x 3.9 inch


Our recommendations Deville-Chabrolle, Romantique, Sculpture


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7.1 x 6.3 x 4.3 inch


Our recommendations Babette Degraeve, Jongetje met hond (Little boy with dog), Sculpture

Babette Degraeve

Jongetje met hond (Little boy with dog), 2019
7.9 x 3.1 x 4.3 inch


Our recommendations Antoniucci Volti, Le Cavalier (petit), Sculpture

Antoniucci Volti

Le Cavalier (petit), 1984
18.5 x 16.9 x 5.5 inch


Our recommendations Berit, Sisters, Sculpture


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20.1 x 26.4 x 16.1 inch


Our recommendations Irina Shark, Le masque de Camille, Sculpture

Irina Shark

Le masque de Camille, 2019
10.2 x 5.1 x 6.3 inch


Our recommendations Isabelle Carabantes, Lionne assise, Sculpture

Isabelle Carabantes

Lionne assise, 2020
12.6 x 9.8 x 8.7 inch


Our recommendations Chloé Sontrop, Liberté, Sculpture

Chloé Sontrop

Liberté, 2017
17.7 x 10.6 x 9.6 inch


Our recommendations Xu Zhen, New, Sculpture

Xu Zhen

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18.1 x 5.5 x 4.1 inch


Pinto, Jour de fête, Sculpture


Jour de fête, 2021
24.4 x 3.1 x 1.6 inch


Stan Wysocki, Dame IV, Sculpture

Stan Wysocki

Dame IV, 2011
17.3 x 4.7 x 3.9 inch


Antonio Saura, Nez, Sculpture

Antonio Saura

Nez, 1990
20.1 x 25.2 x 0.4 inch


Cécile Thonus, Si je te rejoignais ?, Sculpture

Cécile Thonus

Si je te rejoignais ?, 2021
19.5 x 6.4 x 5.3 inch


Our recommendations Mélanie Quentin, Ix-Chell, Sculpture

Mélanie Quentin

Ix-Chell, 2010
11.8 x 7.9 x 7.9 inch


Roberto Matta, Bag with Wings, Sculpture

Roberto Matta

Bag with Wings, 1971
37 x 53.9 x 25.2 inch


Our recommendations Joyce Fournier, A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), Sculpture

Joyce Fournier

A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), 2019
9 x 9.5 x 6 inch

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Our recommendations Dominique Rayou, Peau de pêche, Sculpture

Dominique Rayou

Peau de pêche, 2017
7.1 x 7.9 x 6.7 inch


Mireille Bassier-Tilmont, Babel - bronze, Sculpture

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont

Babel - bronze, 2018
8.3 x 3.9 x 3.9 inch


Our recommendations Julien Marinetti, Panda BA, Sculpture

Julien Marinetti

Panda BA, 2020
15.7 x 11 x 11.8 inch


Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
13.8 x 8.7 x 4.7 inch


Our recommendations Sébastien Langloÿs, Polymnie, Bronze n°2/8, Sculpture

Sébastien Langloÿs

Polymnie, Bronze n°2/8, 2017
12.6 x 8.7 x 7.1 inch


Our recommendations Lynn Chadwick, Rad Lad II (362), Sculpture

Lynn Chadwick

Rad Lad II (362), 1961
15.75 x 5.5 x 4.5 inch


Our recommendations Gediminas Endriekus, Girl, Sculpture

Gediminas Endriekus

Girl, 2018
7.1 x 4.7 x 5.9 inch


Our recommendations Igor Mitoraj, Centurion II, Sculpture

Igor Mitoraj

Centurion II, 1986
7.1 x 5.5 x 2.4 inch


Our recommendations Karen Marre, Quel cirk 2, Sculpture

Karen Marre

Quel cirk 2, 2015
21.7 x 11 x 7.1 inch


Our recommendations Beatrice Bizot, Contemplation, Sculpture

Beatrice Bizot

Contemplation, 2020
9.8 x 3.5 x 3.1 inch


Our recommendations Thierry Dehais, Le silence, Sculpture

Thierry Dehais

Le silence, 2007
8.7 x 3.9 x 3.9 inch


Maguy Banq, Réflexion, Sculpture

Maguy Banq

Réflexion, 2019
7.3 x 3.3 x 5.1 inch


Our recommendations Aurelija Simkute, Patronage, Sculpture Bronze, Sculpture

Aurelija Simkute

Patronage, Sculpture Bronze, 2017
15.7 x 5.1 x 4.3 inch


Halinka Jakubowska, Accès au Secret, Sculpture

Halinka Jakubowska

Accès au Secret, 2016
11.8 x 3.9 x 1.6 inch


Sara Ingleby-Mackenzie, Apple Pudding, Sculpture

Sara Ingleby-Mackenzie

Apple Pudding, 2017
11.4 x 2.4 x 1.2 inch


Laurelle Bessé, Arbre sur roche, Sculpture

Laurelle Bessé

Arbre sur roche, 2018
33.1 x 6.7 x 0.8 inch


Our recommendations Haude Bernabé, Twins, Sculpture

Haude Bernabé

Twins, 2015
30.7 x 8.7 x 7.9 inch


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