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Steel Sculpture

Steel sculpture appeared in art during the twentieth century. In previous centuries precious metals were the most frequently used in sculpture but the industrial revolution and urbanisation led to a wider use of more commonplace metals, including steel. Before that, bronze, a very resistant material, had been the medium of choice for sculptors creating artworks that would be installed outdoors.

Unlike other metals, steel is easily malleable at a high temperature. Stainless steel has the advantage of being very resistant to rust and harsh weather conditions, making it an ideal choice for outdoor sculptures. Indeed, over the course of the twentieth century it was often used for this purpose. Steel sculptures were used, and continue to be used, to decorate and enhance public spaces in cities as well as gardens.

One of the artists most well-known for his use of steel is Richard Serra. The material occupied a core part of his minimalist practice. In his early work, he used sheets of steel as well as steel rolls which were carefully balanced on the ground. To prevent the material from degrading and changing over time in an uncontrolled way, he coated the pieces with a solution which made them appear rusted. Later on in his career, Serra focussed on site-specific, monumental sculptures. His works were influenced by the environment they were destined for and thus perfectly suited to it. The curves of the sculptures encourage viewers to walk around them while the their impressive size dwarfs the viewers and leads them to reflect on the perception they have of their bodies in relation to indoor and outdoor spaces.

Another artist famous for his gigantic steel sculptures is Bernar Venet. You can find his huge steel arches in cities all over the world and you’ll also find some of his artworks on Artsper. Amongst the greatest sculptors working in steel, there is of course Alexander Calder, who succeeded in creating sculptures of surprising delicacy despite the hardness of the material. His colourful mobiles have become iconic artworks. How can such a dense material appear so light and frail? His sculptures are part of the kinetic art movement and the careful equilibrium that Calder achieved so deftly continues to fascinate viewers.

In a very different style, César also used steel, among other materials, to create works that are far less elegant. His “Compression” sculptures used lead, iron and steel to criticise our consumerist society.

Steel continues to be used by today’s contemporary sculptors, mainly for monumental sculptures. Indeed, several contemporary artists have demonstrated a mastery of steel. Chief among them, is Jeff Koons and his famous "Balloon Dog" made of stainless steel with a coloured mirror finish surface. With steel, Jeff Koons turned the ephemeral balloon dog into an almost eternal work. Another well-known example is Chicago’s "Cloud Gate" sculpture by Anish Kapoor.

On Artsper, discover modern sculptures and contemporary sculptures from the best art galleries. Explore Japanese artist Tsuyu’s elegant and poetic steel sculptures, Nicolas Dubreuille’s colourful and minimalist works and Paradox Creations’s sculptures inspired by Alexander Calder’s mobiles.



Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,501:1000 price,1001:5000 facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Pintura*pintura category,6*Gemälde*gemalde facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Dibujo*dibujo category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Print*print category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura price,50001 facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large price,5001:10000 facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft price,5000:1001 facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria price,10001:25000 facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*Öl*ol facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo
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Money Talk, Cleaning Golg!, Sculpture

Money Talk

Cleaning Golg!, 2021
16.5 x 38.2 x 3.1 inch
Sculpture

$2,077

Nicolas Delage, Sans titre, Sculpture

Nicolas Delage

Sans titre, 2021
39.4 x 47.2 x 9.4 inch
Sculpture

$3,346

Our recommendations C215, Sans-Logis, Sculpture

C215

Sans-Logis, 2019
26.8 x 15.4 x 0.4 inch
Sculpture

$4,039

Gil.S, Droit dans ses Bottes, Sculpture

Gil.S

Droit dans ses Bottes, 2019
21.3 x 6.1 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$519

Antonio Segui, L'Homme Pressé Rouge, Sculpture

Antonio Segui

L'Homme Pressé Rouge, 2012
5.5 x 6.3 x 1.6 inch
Sculpture

$438

Our recommendations Philippe  Hiquily, Marathonienne, Sculpture

Philippe Hiquily

Marathonienne, 2020
6.3 x 4.5 x 2.4 inch
Sculpture

$692

Our recommendations M.Chat, Chat in love (grand modèle), Sculpture

M.Chat

Chat in love (grand modèle), 2018
39.6 x 41.7 x 0.4 inch
Sculpture

$5,193

Our recommendations Vincent Duchêne, Minion Banksy, Sculpture

Vincent Duchêne

Minion Banksy, 2021
11.8 x 5.9 x 3.1 inch
Sculpture

$1,154

Michadu, Le Guerrier Lève la Main, Sculpture

Michadu

Le Guerrier Lève la Main, 2021
21.7 x 12.6 x 10.6 inch
Sculpture

$692

Les Hélènes, Le Colombien, Sculpture

Les Hélènes

Le Colombien, 2021
10.6 x 3.9 x 1.2 inch
Sculpture

$1,131

Our recommendations Nanan, Akio, Sculpture

Nanan

Akio, 2021
13 x 4.3 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,269

Caroline Corbeau, Duo, Sculpture

Caroline Corbeau

Duo, 2019
18.1 x 12.6 x 5.1 inch
Sculpture

$3,231

Our recommendations Tom Wesselmann, Monica with a Purple Hat, Sculpture

Tom Wesselmann

Monica with a Purple Hat, 1985
4 x 5 x 0.5 inch
Sculpture

$75,000

Our recommendations Maxime Plancque, #130, Sculpture

Maxime Plancque

#130, 2020
11 x 8.3 x 2.8 inch
Sculpture

$2,077

Our recommendations Caroline Brisset, Lluvia H (CB88), Sculpture

Caroline Brisset

Lluvia H (CB88), 2016
22.6 x 4.7 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$1,962

Our recommendations Philippe Buil, Bouteille champagne 142-21, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Bouteille champagne 142-21, 2021
11.4 x 3.9 x 6.7 inch
Sculpture

$865 $736

Our recommendations Guillaume Roche, Diamond 2, Sculpture

Guillaume Roche

Diamond 2, 2020
19.7 x 3.9 x 3.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,096

Our recommendations Bernard Rives, Ludwig, Sculpture

Bernard Rives

Ludwig, 2018
26 x 19.3 x 15.7 inch
Sculpture

$3,866

Hervé Di Rosa, Le Rocker, Sculpture

Hervé Di Rosa

Le Rocker, 2018
17.7 x 9.8 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$3,346

Bernar Venet, Effondrement : 10 Arcs, Sculpture

Bernar Venet

Effondrement : 10 Arcs, 2016
4.7 x 19.7 x 19.9 inch
Sculpture

$34,618

Piotre, Riding by nigth, Sculpture

Piotre

Riding by nigth, 2021
31.5 x 17.7 x 13.8 inch
Sculpture

$6,000

Our recommendations Sylvie Guyomard, Lithosphère III (SG90), Sculpture

Sylvie Guyomard

Lithosphère III (SG90), 2016
30.7 x 13.4 x 4.3 inch
Sculpture

$1,962

Our recommendations David Moreno, Comunidad El dorado 04, Sculpture

David Moreno

Comunidad El dorado 04, 2019
37 x 11 x 11 inch
Sculpture

$3,116

Olivier DeGroote, Sniper Bullet Ball Chanel, Sculpture

Olivier DeGroote

Sniper Bullet Ball Chanel, 2021
11 x 2.6 x 2.6 inch
Sculpture

$288

Our recommendations Stratos, Mère et enfant, Sculpture

Stratos

Mère et enfant, 2020
13.4 x 15 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,962

Sneak, Bucket, Sculpture

Sneak

Bucket, 2020
10.2 x 8.7 x 8.7 inch
Sculpture

$288

Our recommendations Sun Hyuk Kim, From petty things, Sculpture

Sun Hyuk Kim

From petty things, 2014
37.4 x 20.1 x 15 inch
Sculpture

$5,193

Aramis Justiz, Distortions I, Sculpture

Aramis Justiz

Distortions I, 2021
11.8 x 22.8 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$981

Jean-Paul Jacquet, Le solitaire, Sculpture

Jean-Paul Jacquet

Le solitaire, 2020
11.8 x 11.8 x 84.6 inch
Sculpture

$2,308

Michel Audiard, Panda, Sculpture

Michel Audiard

Panda, 2017
15 x 20.5 x 3.1 inch
Sculpture

$1,154

Our recommendations Kevin Rouillard, Sans titre, Sculpture

Kevin Rouillard

Sans titre, 2018
23.6 x 23.6 x 9.8 inch
Sculpture

$4,616

Our recommendations Leo Factory, Mister Shell - RX41M, Sculpture

Leo Factory

Mister Shell - RX41M, 2020
26 x 9.8 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$900

Our recommendations Aldo Chaparro, Mx Black, July 27, 2020 12:45, Sculpture

Aldo Chaparro

Mx Black, July 27, 2020 12:45, 2020
37 x 58.3 x 9.8 inch
Sculpture

$20,771

Anne Juliette Deschamps, Golden Cycle, Sculpture

Anne Juliette Deschamps

Golden Cycle, 2019
27.6 x 27.6 x 1.6 inch
Sculpture

$2,077

Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
13.8 x 8.7 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$2,308

Our recommendations Rodrigo Romero Perez, Pan Troglodytes 2, Sculpture

Rodrigo Romero Perez

Pan Troglodytes 2, 2020
55.1 x 7.9 x 7.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,269

Our recommendations Karen Marre, Quel cirk 2, Sculpture

Karen Marre

Quel cirk 2, 2015
21.7 x 11 x 7.1 inch
Sculpture

$2,077

Arno Sebban, Famille, Sculpture

Arno Sebban

Famille, 2019
77.6 x 18.9 x 11.8 inch
Sculpture

$4,500

Our recommendations Iryna Antoniuk (Tone), Alien, Sculpture

Iryna Antoniuk (Tone)

Alien, 2021
7.1 x 7.3 x 4.5 inch
Sculpture

$2,064

Hellen Halftermeyer, Red bird, Sculpture

Hellen Halftermeyer

Red bird, 2021
11.8 x 31.5 x 21.7 inch
Sculpture

$2,308

Our recommendations Shug, Shug monster, Sculpture

Shug

Shug monster, 2020
19.3 x 15.7 x 3.1 inch
Sculpture

$1,154

Lonzi, La Roue, Sculpture

Lonzi

La Roue, 2017
35.8 x 25.2 x 13.4 inch
Sculpture

$1,442

Céline Mahiques, Jerricane Louis Vuitton, Sculpture

Céline Mahiques

Jerricane Louis Vuitton, 2020
15.4 x 11 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$808

Our recommendations Aldric Bendahmane, L'attente, Sculpture

Aldric Bendahmane

L'attente, 2021
12.6 x 7.9 x 3.9 inch
Sculpture

Sold

VanBinh, Bird I, Sculpture

VanBinh

Bird I, 2021
9.4 x 9.1 x 7.9 inch
Sculpture

$785

Our recommendations Gregorio Siem, Sphere Orange and Blue - Variable Code, Sculpture

Gregorio Siem

Sphere Orange and Blue - Variable Code, 2019
27.6 x 26.8 x 26.8 inch
Sculpture

$6,808

Our recommendations Haude Bernabé, Twins, Sculpture

Haude Bernabé

Twins, 2015
30.7 x 8.7 x 7.9 inch
Sculpture

$9,462

Our recommendations Luca Izzo, Introspection, Sculpture

Luca Izzo

Introspection, 2019
13.4 x 11 x 9.1 inch
Sculpture

$10,962

Béatrice Alice Lafitte-Irigaray, Joke Dog 2, Sculpture

Béatrice Alice Lafitte-Irigaray

Joke Dog 2, 2019
27.6 x 15.7 x 26 inch
Sculpture

$1,500

Arthur Hent, Limited 21.04, Sculpture

Arthur Hent

Limited 21.04, 2020
47.2 x 31.5 x 1 inch
Sculpture

$1,246

Farid Achezegag, Icare, Sculpture

Farid Achezegag

Icare, 2019
7.9 x 7.9 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$1,500

Our recommendations Adeline Weber Guibal, Life Circle, Sculpture

Adeline Weber Guibal

Life Circle, 2021
49.2 x 17.3 x 7.9 inch
Sculpture

$2,769

Issiaka Savadogo, Révolu, Sculpture

Issiaka Savadogo

Révolu, 2018
26.8 x 8.3 x 10.6 inch
Sculpture

$981

Sébastien Ruiz, Le légionnaire, Sculpture

Sébastien Ruiz

Le légionnaire, 2020
11.4 x 4.7 x 7.1 inch
Sculpture

$1,500 $1,275

Our recommendations Jean-No, Sphére N°4, Sculpture

Jean-No

Sphére N°4, 2018
23.6 x 23.6 x 23.6 inch
Sculpture

$8,078

GiFoArs, Vintage, Sculpture

GiFoArs

Vintage, 2019
12 x 3.4 x 3.4 inch
Sculpture

$519

Our recommendations Bruno Guihéneuf, Flux 140, Sculpture

Bruno Guihéneuf

Flux 140, 2018
24.8 x 16.5 x 10.6 inch
Sculpture

$3,000

François-Régis Lemonnier, Together, Sculpture

François-Régis Lemonnier

Together, 2021
19.7 x 15.7 x 0.8 inch
Sculpture

$1,039

Bruno Ouvier, #22, Sculpture

Bruno Ouvier

#22, 2020
12.6 x 7.9 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,904

Richard Slee, Baraka, Sculpture

Richard Slee

Baraka, 2020
18.9 x 12.6 x 18.5 inch
Sculpture

$9,630

Carlos Garcia Noriega Bueno, Alma Dura II, Sculpture

Carlos Garcia Noriega Bueno

Alma Dura II, 2017
47.2 x 15.7 x 15.7 inch
Sculpture

$8,943

Our recommendations Paul Stein, Curious Onlooker, Sculpture

Paul Stein

Curious Onlooker, 2021
38.6 x 15.7 x 13.8 inch
Sculpture

$5,400

Our recommendations Bounoure & Genevaux, Composition 1, Sculpture

Bounoure & Genevaux

Composition 1, 2020
17.3 x 31.5 x 1.4 inch
Sculpture

$4,039

Stevens Dossou-Yovo, Blason, Sculpture

Stevens Dossou-Yovo

Blason, 2021
35.4 x 25.6 x 5.5 inch
Sculpture

$17,748

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