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Photographers

A photographer is a person who creates an image of the world using a camera. Given that nowadays, everyone takes photographs with their smartphones, it is necessary to distinguish this mass flow of images from the work of fine art photographers who have an artistic intention and aim to create original artworks.



Thus we consider an fine art photograph to be a work that is created with artistic intention and includes a reflection on ideas and technique. Art photography must be an original work by an artist who recognises their role in the creation by signing their name. The concept of an original work is also linked to the limited edition. Generally, the fewer copies are made, the higher the price of each photograph.



All the photographic processes are based on two fundamental requirements, first of all the ability to capture an image and then capacity to fix image onto a support, rendering it visible. It took a lot of experimentation in order achieve this. The very first photograph dates from 1826 and was taken by the French inventor Nicéphore Niépce. This photograph shows an image of his house and it took ten hours of exposure time to capture it. It was over ten years until the first photograph representing a human being was taken in 1838. It is an image of the Pont Neuf in Paris on which we can distinguish two passerbys. This photograph is the work of a former student of Nicéphore Niépce: Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre. Daguerre gave his name to a new technique which consists of fixing a negative image onto a silver plate: the daguerreotype.



The next major breakthroughs were the replacement of the glass plate with dry gel on paper or film which allowed for a wider diffusion of photography and the appearance of colour photography at the beginning of the 20th century. All these techniques can be grouped together under the term analog photography. In the mid 20th century the invention of digital photography revolutionised the medium. It was a technical and artistic revolution, photographers could now see on a screen the image they had just captured and could adjust their shots accordingly and they could also take advantage of the infinite possibilities offered by computer retouching.



Photography is often broken down and classified into different groups including: fashion photography, nude photography, conceptual photography, colour photography, black and white photography, street art photography, and so on.



Some of the greatest photographers in history include: Robert Mapplethorpe, Li Wei, Bert Stern, Robert Doisneau, Henri Cartier Bresson, Vivian Maier, Philippe Ramette, Bernard Pras, Steve McCurry, Richard Avedon, David LaChapelle, Annie Leibovitz, Helmut Newton and Martin Parr.

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JR

France

Clet Abraham

Italy

Bert Stern

United States

Liu Bolin

China

Slim Aarons

United States

Helmut Newton

Germany

Christo and Jeanne-Claude

Bulgaria

Philippe Pasqua

France

Gottfried Salzmann

Austria

Richard Heeps

United Kingdom

Karl Lagasse

France

Bernard Pras

France

Larry Clark

United States

Samsofy

France

Hassan Hajjaj

Morocco

Grzegorz Sikorski

Poland

Cy Twombly

United States

James Sparshatt

United Kingdom

Yevgeniy Repiashenko

Ukraine

Patrick Rubinstein

France

David Lynch

United States

Nobuyoshi Araki

Japan

Andy Warhol

United States

Derrick Ofosu Boateng

Ghana

Feng Hatat

China

Alessandra Bisi

Italy

Lionel le Jeune

France

John Kenny

United Kingdom

Joost Wensveen

Netherlands

Feng Kaixuan

China

Françoise Dugourd-Caput

Algeria

Emanuele Ravagnani

Italy

Bernhard Lang

Germany

Charlotte Abramow

Belgium

Miguel Winograd

Colombia

Kristin Hart

United States

Horst P. Horst

Germany

Suki Da

Japan

Ralph Gibson

United States

Man Ray

United States

Fernand Léger

France

Fabien Novarino

France

Dasha Pears

Finland

Blade (Steven Ogburn)

United States

Robin Austin

United States

Mehdi Mirbagheri

Iran

Dani Olivier

France

Vik Muniz

Brazil

Simon Ledson

United Kingdom

Ricky Cohete

United States

Lesya Rozova

Ukraine

Li Wei

China

Nicolas Dubreuille

France

Alessandro Puccinelli

Italy

Teddy Marks

Germany

Dani Garcia Sarabia

Spain

Willy Ronis

France

Chema Madoz

Spain

Thierry Genay

France

Dina Goldstein

Israel