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Oil Painting

Oil painting is a type of paint which involves mixing crushed colour pigments usually with linseed oil, although poppy seed oil can also be used. The support on which it is painted must be covered with a primer beforehand so that the layer of paint can adhere to the support; an additional step which is crucial to the creative process and also means that it can be adapted to many types of surfaces.

It was during the Middle Ages that this technique first appeared and began to be develop in the Western world. The discovery of oil painting is often attributed to the Flemish painter, Jan Van Eyck who had been experimenting with various mixtures. With this new painting technique, his works benefited from new transparency effects and a new type of aesthetic was born. His approach was copied and later shared more widely by other primitive Flemish painters. Oil painting replaced the tempera technique, which uses egg as a binder.

Similarly, the wood on which artists painted was replaced by linen canvas, installed on a frame from the 15th century onwards and later placed on an easel. Although it was well-liked by painters, this medium had its drawbacks; its components were toxic and its preparation required a great amount of artisan savoir-faire in the studio. Despite this, it became closely linked to the visual arts and and was hugely popularised during the Renaissance thanks to the Venetian painters such as Titian, followed closely by the Flemish, including Rubens, before it reached the Netherlands who made it their own, with Rembrandt leading the way. The 19th and 20th centuries saw oil painting became the number one choice and the preferred medium for for modern times. The mixture no longer had to be prepared by artists in the studio; industrialisation had made things easier and the paint came pre-prepared, packaged in tubes. The tin tube was commercialised in France in 1840 and revolutionised the history of art by encouraging the Impressionists to take their brushes and paints outside and paint en plein air. It would slowly be overtaken by acrylic paint a century later which simplified things even further as it was dried faster.
An oil painting canvas also implies that the painter must respect the fat over lean principle, meaning that a colours with high oil content (fat) should be applied over layers of paint with lower oil content (lean) to ensure that the painting will last longer and to prevent cracking. Oil painting remains a widely used method and numerous artworks are still made using this technique.

Contemporary artists still master oil painting but sometimes avoid working with it in the same traditional ways of the 20th century. The canvas is often not prepared so that its texture can be seen under the layer of paint, as certain abstract painters have done. Jackson Pollock for example used oil painting but did not glaze his works. He didn't even truly paint his canvases as he used a dripping technique; by shaking his brush he created splashes of paint over the canvas…

On Artsper, explore contemporary paintings by well-known artists including Georges Terzian, Arman, Salvador Dali and Robert Combas.



Collector’s Guide: Collecting Paintings

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,501:1000 price,1001:5000 facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Pintura*pintura category,6*Gemälde*gemalde facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Dibujo*dibujo category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Print*print category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura price,50001 facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large price,5001:10000 facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft price,5000:1001 facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria price,10001:25000 facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*Öl*ol facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo
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C215, Hardwood, Painting

C215

Hardwood, 2014
47.2 x 31.5 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$13,847

Liora, Be Happy 2, Painting

Liora

Be Happy 2, 2021
23.6 x 11.8 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$577

Lionel le Jeune, Rembrandt Evocation, Painting

Lionel le Jeune

Rembrandt Evocation, 2021
7.9 x 7.9 x 1.6 inch
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$692

Arnaud Duhamel, N2019-XV, Painting

Arnaud Duhamel

N2019-XV, 2019
39.4 x 25.6 inch
Painting

$3,000

Our recommendations Philippe Pasqua, Portrait, Painting

Philippe Pasqua

Portrait, 2011
28.7 x 23.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$9,808

Laurence Chouzenoux, Fable d'Orient, Painting

Laurence Chouzenoux

Fable d'Orient, 2021
36.2 x 28.3 x 0.4 inch
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$5,539

Ruslana Levandovska, Sailboats at Evening Lake, Painting

Ruslana Levandovska

Sailboats at Evening Lake, 2021
30 x 24 x 0.75 inch
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$2,300

Gor Avetisyan, Letter II, Painting

Gor Avetisyan

Letter II, 2021
13.4 x 16.5 inch
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$323

Our recommendations Alain Bécanne, Peinture 04-2021-39, Painting

Alain Bécanne

Peinture 04-2021-39, 2021
47.2 x 59.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,962

Le Closier, Daddy II, Painting

Le Closier

Daddy II, 2021
29.9 x 29.9 x 0.8 inch
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$1,500

Luis Alvarado, Laboureurs au travail..., Painting

Luis Alvarado

Laboureurs au travail..., 2021
9.8 x 7.9 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$231

Barbara Hubert, Disappearing worlds, Painting

Barbara Hubert

Disappearing worlds, 2021
39.4 x 47.2 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$1,962

Milburn-Foster, Man Running 5, Painting

Milburn-Foster

Man Running 5, 2021
51.2 x 38.2 inch
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$3,923

Thérèse Bosc, Genese I, Painting

Thérèse Bosc

Genese I, 2021
39.4 x 31.5 inch
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$1,199

Etienne Quesnay, Night Blossoms, Painting

Etienne Quesnay

Night Blossoms, 2021
21.7 x 18.1 x 1 inch
Painting

$1,269

Serghei Ghetiu, Je suis ballerine VI, Painting

Serghei Ghetiu

Je suis ballerine VI, 2022
31.5 x 25.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,327

Our recommendations Antonino Puliafico, Mare impetuoso al tramonto olio su canapa, Painting

Antonino Puliafico

Mare impetuoso al tramonto olio su canapa, 1991
23.6 x 31.5 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$2,077

Freddy, Desert, Painting

Freddy

Desert, 2021
31.5 x 23.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,027

Uli Fischer, Colorful Emotions, Painting

Uli Fischer

Colorful Emotions, 2022
39.4 x 29.5 x 1.6 inch
Painting

$4,500 $4,275

Marcel Demagny, Les Cyprès, Painting

Marcel Demagny

Les Cyprès, 2021
23.6 x 23.6 x 1.6 inch
Painting

$1,950

Our recommendations Ralph Resch, Canoé, Painting

Ralph Resch

Canoé, 2021
39.4 x 31.9 x 0.8 inch
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$1,027

René Guinand, Bouquet de Fleurs, Painting

René Guinand

Bouquet de Fleurs, 1946
15.4 x 11.8 x 0.2 inch
Painting

$567

Rodolpho Tamanini Netto, Le vol des pigeons, Painting

Rodolpho Tamanini Netto

Le vol des pigeons, 1989
23.6 x 15.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,385

Julia Whitehead, Fresh Day, Painting

Julia Whitehead

Fresh Day, 2021
39.4 x 27.6 x 1.6 inch
Painting

$2,614

Our recommendations Benoit Havard, Diamond District, Painting

Benoit Havard

Diamond District, 2021
35 x 57.5 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$4,270

Alexandr Klemens, Red Dress, Painting

Alexandr Klemens

Red Dress, 2020
34.3 x 14.2 inch
Painting

$565

Alexander Daniloff, Vaso, Painting

Alexander Daniloff

Vaso, 2005
10.2 x 7.5 x 0.1 inch
Painting

$180

Jean Jacques Boimond, Peinture à la chaux, Eglise de Prodromos sur l'île de Paros, Painting

Jean Jacques Boimond

Peinture à la chaux, Eglise de Prodromos sur l'île de Paros, 1985
15.7 x 11.8 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$834

P. Buyssens, Bouquet de Roses, Painting

P. Buyssens

Bouquet de Roses, 1942
15 x 18.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$690

Kajazun (Kajo) Avetisyan, Portraite III, Painting

Kajazun (Kajo) Avetisyan

Portraite III, 2021
5.5 x 5.5 inch
Painting

$173 $156

Dorota Zych-Charaziak, Nomady (II), Painting

Dorota Zych-Charaziak

Nomady (II), 2021
39.4 x 82.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$4,039

Our recommendations Nicolas Monjo, Espace réduit, Painting

Nicolas Monjo

Espace réduit, 2020
27.6 x 27.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,500

François Gos, Paysage de Printemps avec une Chapelle, Painting

François Gos

Paysage de Printemps avec une Chapelle, 1963
15.4 x 17.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,390

Diana Malivani, The Little Froggy, Painting

Diana Malivani

The Little Froggy, 2022
15.7 x 19.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,731

Armand, Pont Neuf, Paris, Painting

Armand

Pont Neuf, Paris, 1943
18.1 x 25.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$957

Giorgio Lo Fermo, Blue Spots, Painting

Giorgio Lo Fermo

Blue Spots, 2021
39.4 x 19.7 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$2,077

Josep Moscardó, La Cala, Painting

Josep Moscardó

La Cala, 2021
21.3 x 13.8 inch
Painting

$1,096

Catherine Clare, Still life with an orange tablecloth, Painting

Catherine Clare

Still life with an orange tablecloth, 2021
19.7 x 27.6 x 0.1 inch
Painting

$981

Corinne Foucouin, Impression n°5, Painting

Corinne Foucouin

Impression n°5, 2021
7.9 x 7.9 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$172

Paul Akiiki, The Parade, Painting

Paul Akiiki

The Parade, 2005
30 x 70 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,800

Our recommendations Nathalie Lemaître, L'accord du monde, Painting

Nathalie Lemaître

L'accord du monde, 2015
15.7 x 15.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,154

J. Kesín, Future Relics V, Painting

J. Kesín

Future Relics V, 2021
25.6 x 19.7 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$479

Our recommendations Laurence Gasior, Serge, Painting

Laurence Gasior

Serge, 2018
23.6 x 19.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,373

Our recommendations Lina Redford, Christmas Fairytale, Painting

Lina Redford

Christmas Fairytale, 2021
13 x 16.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$473

Noyem Khachatryan, Sunrise, Painting

Noyem Khachatryan

Sunrise, 2019
19.7 x 27.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,000 $810

Kardesch, Etude Noir Miroir Nr7, Painting

Kardesch

Etude Noir Miroir Nr7, 2021
18.1 x 21.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,212

Helena Troyanskaya, Steady interest, Painting

Helena Troyanskaya

Steady interest, 2021
17.7 x 17.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$573

Hunt Slonem, Amazons Red River, Painting

Hunt Slonem

Amazons Red River, 2021
40.2 x 40.2 x 2 inch
Painting

$28,500

Irene Mahon, Regard sur l'univers, Painting

Irene Mahon

Regard sur l'univers, 2021
23.6 x 23.6 x 2 inch
Painting

$646

Our recommendations Aykaz Arzumanyan, Rose 450, Painting

Aykaz Arzumanyan

Rose 450, 2021
23.6 x 23.6 x 1.2 inch
Painting

Sold

Christelle Desangles, 14.12.21, Painting

Christelle Desangles

14.12.21, 2021
18.1 x 21.7 x 0.4 inch
Painting

$1,385

R. Cavalié, N° 1035 Rose & Crown 7, Painting

R. Cavalié

N° 1035 Rose & Crown 7, 2017
13 x 18.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$462

Jean-Yves Fremaux, Dans les petites rues de Venise, Painting

Jean-Yves Fremaux

Dans les petites rues de Venise, 2021
36.2 x 28.7 x 1 inch
Painting

$3,520

Sudi Jaja, Balinese Cultivations, Painting

Sudi Jaja

Balinese Cultivations, 1970
33.5 x 25.6 x 0 inch
Painting

$681

Vita Opolskyte, Amour-propre, Painting

Vita Opolskyte

Amour-propre, 2021
78.7 x 55.1 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$2,654

Nicolas Kennett, By dusk, Painting

Nicolas Kennett

By dusk, 2020
23.6 x 47.2 x 2 inch
Painting

$4,039

Anna Bessonova, Plate with summer, Painting

Anna Bessonova

Plate with summer, 2021
19.7 x 19.7 x 0.2 inch
Painting

$607

Artize, Mon jura, Painting

Artize

Mon jura, 2021
18.1 x 21.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$773

Ray Richardson, Get your head round this, Painting

Ray Richardson

Get your head round this, 1996
9.8 x 29.9 inch
Painting

$6,924

Roxane Borujerdi, Calypso, Painting

Roxane Borujerdi

Calypso, 2019
77.6 x 43.5 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$7,501

Doïna Vieru, Untitled, Painting

Doïna Vieru

Untitled, 2020
39.4 x 39.4 x 1.6 inch
Painting

$4,385

Victoria Horkan, Rainbows and Halo's, Painting

Victoria Horkan

Rainbows and Halo's, 2021
39.4 x 39.4 x 1.6 inch
Painting

$5,090

Sergey Jelezky, Spring, Painting

Sergey Jelezky

Spring, 2022
31.5 x 31.5 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$450

George Abramidze, Abanotubani, Painting

George Abramidze

Abanotubani, 2021
34 x 19 x 2 inch
Painting

$1,050

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