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Bronze Sculpture

The technique used in the creation of bronze sculptures has changed very little since Antiquity. The sculptor begins by fashioning the subject in wax, then covers it with clay, pours on the bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, then breaks open the terracotta, leaving only the bronze object behind. Highly valued by sculptors, bronze is a robust and resistant material that fairs well outside. Using wax to create the initial mould allows for a high level of detail on the final sculpture, unlike steel sculpture. Certain nuances in colour can be produced through the use of patinas.

These qualities explain why bronze is one of the oldest materials to be used by humans. Indeed, bronze tools were used in Mesopotamia, Egypt and China in around 2,800 BC.

In Mesopotamia, near to present-day Iran, bronze was used to depict animals in sacred art. In Egypt, it was was used to personify the gods, and also to create small sculpture statues placed in the tombs of the deceased. However, it was Ancient Greece, where craftsmen began to sculpt human figures and deities with remarkable realism, that gave bronze its prominent place in the history of art. Many pieces of work were imported to Rome, where the production of bronze sculptures developed. Bronze sculptures soon began to decorate the theatres and the homes of the rich. Admiring the skills of the Greeks, the Romans began ordering sculptures from merchants and craftsmen, who made copies of the moulds of the statues.

With the birth of Christianity, evangelisation and the building of churches became the priorities, and bronze creations were replaced by stone sculptures for decorating churches. It was only in the 14th century that masterpieces were rediscovered during excavations of Italian archaeological sites. A century later, Brunelleschi and Ghiberti set the Renaissance in motion by decorating the doors of the Florence Baptistery in bronze. Donatello, inspired by ancient Roman sculpture, was the first to excel in the art of expressing emotions through bronze sculptures, followed by Verrocchio, his pupil (and master of Leonardo da Vinci). Although the practice spread throughout Europe, it was mainly focussed on Italy, where sculptors competed to obtain the most convincing results.

During the 16th century, the Flemish Jean de Bologne established himself as the undisputed master of bronze. He was the most copied artist in the 17th century, and it is partly due to him that the bronze sculpture spread across Europe. In Italy, production of bronze sculpture was fairly constant, irrespective of the period. In France, on the other hand, this technique depended on the political regime. When Louis XIV invited sculptors to his court (essentially to decorate Versailles) demand for bronze reappeared as a form of courtly art.

Bronze sculpture underwent a resurgence during the 19th century, with Rodin and Camille Claudel, and then with Cubism and the Art Deco movement. Bronze is an expensive, heavy material and costly for collectors to buy and its use has become less prevalent in the 20th and 21st centuries, but some artists use it nonetheless: Marc Quinn, Giuseppe Penone, Germaine Richier, Alberto Giacometti with his strange silhouettes, the animal bronzes of Brigitte Téman, the compressions of César Baldaccini, the Philippe Pasqua's butterflies and Olivier Messas's dancers or just still life sculpture can all be seen on Artsper !



Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,501:1000 price,1001:5000 facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Pintura*pintura category,6*Gemälde*gemalde facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Dibujo*dibujo category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Print*print category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura price,50001 facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large price,5001:10000 facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft price,5000:1001 facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria price,10001:25000 facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*Öl*ol facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo
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Arman, Baroquial, Sculpture

Arman

Baroquial, 1984
14.2 x 5.9 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$15,001

Valérie Hadida, Brindille "zenitude" #2/8, Sculpture

Valérie Hadida

Brindille "zenitude" #2/8, 2021
5.5 x 4.3 x 2.8 inch
Sculpture

$2,192

Our recommendations Miguel Guía, Calme et le silence bronze, Sculpture

Miguel Guía

Calme et le silence bronze, 2002
15.7 x 6.3 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,027

Our recommendations Salvador Dali, Profil du temps, Sculpture

Salvador Dali

Profil du temps, 1984
20.1 x 13.8 x 13.8 inch
Sculpture

$41,957

Our recommendations Christophe Charbonnel, Persée, Sculpture

Christophe Charbonnel

Persée, 2021
11.4 x 5.1 x 4.3 inch
Sculpture

$3,693

Petar Iliev, The rower, Sculpture

Petar Iliev

The rower, 2021
5.9 x 11.4 x 9.1 inch
Sculpture

$1,616

Our recommendations Robert Combas, Les favelas électriques, Sculpture

Robert Combas

Les favelas électriques, 2009
14.6 x 23.6 x 15.7 inch
Sculpture

$109,624

Christine Guillemin, Équilibre, Sculpture

Christine Guillemin

Équilibre, 2021
11.8 x 5.9 x 2 inch
Sculpture

$4,039

Our recommendations Yoann Merienne, Mystère, Sculpture

Yoann Merienne

Mystère, 2019
3.9 x 2 x 2.4 inch
Sculpture

$1,039

Our recommendations Martín Duque, Degas Danseur de Ballet, Sculpture

Martín Duque

Degas Danseur de Ballet, 2004
17.3 x 6.3 x 7.9 inch
Sculpture

$739

Les Hélènes, Le Colombien, Sculpture

Les Hélènes

Le Colombien, 2021
10.6 x 3.9 x 1.2 inch
Sculpture

$1,131

Cévé, Will I/IV, Sculpture

Cévé

Will I/IV, 2019
3.5 x 4.7 x 2.6 inch
Sculpture

$1,558

Our recommendations Patrick Villas, Tête de lion III, Sculpture

Patrick Villas

Tête de lion III, 2019
24.8 x 16.5 x 17.7 inch
Sculpture

$20,771

Our recommendations Marc Petit, La blouse bleue, Sculpture

Marc Petit

La blouse bleue, 2011
20.5 x 6.7 x 5.1 inch
Sculpture

$5,539

Nando Kallweit, Family I, Sculpture

Nando Kallweit

Family I, 2019
11.8 x 4.3 x 3.1 inch
Sculpture

$1,673

Our recommendations Linde Ergo, Les amoureux, Sculpture

Linde Ergo

Les amoureux, 2017
18.9 x 3.9 x 3.9 inch
Sculpture

$3,404

Artigas Planas, Hope, Sculpture

Artigas Planas

Hope, 2021
8.3 x 13.4 x 3.1 inch
Sculpture

$958

Our recommendations Philippe Buil, Bouteille champagne 142-21, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Bouteille champagne 142-21, 2021
11.4 x 3.9 x 6.7 inch
Sculpture

$865 $736

Our recommendations Philip Hearsey, Surge II, Sculpture

Philip Hearsey

Surge II, 2019
9.8 x 16.9 x 7.1 inch
Sculpture

$4,691

Georges Braque, Hermès, Sculpture

Georges Braque

Hermès, 2019
68.9 x 31.5 x 9.4 inch
Sculpture

$253,866

Our recommendations Paul Rebeyrolle, Trois têtes, Sculpture

Paul Rebeyrolle

Trois têtes, 1994
19.7 x 25.6 x 1.6 inch
Sculpture

$17,309

Our recommendations Milko Dobrev, Family, Sculpture

Milko Dobrev

Family, 2020
18.9 x 6.7 x 3.3 inch
Sculpture

$1,558

Our recommendations Salfo Dermé (Yabré), Éléphant, Sculpture

Salfo Dermé (Yabré)

Éléphant, 2018
5.5 x 6.7 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$1,039

Gregos, Béatitude, Sculpture

Gregos

Béatitude, 2014
8.7 x 6.3 x 1.6 inch
Sculpture

$2,192

Our recommendations Art Vladi, Cesar bronze, Sculpture

Art Vladi

Cesar bronze, 2021
13 x 8.7 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$4,039

Our recommendations Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa, 3 Acrobats, Sculpture

Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa

3 Acrobats, 2021
11 x 10.2 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$981

Jean-Jacques Mancardi, Hors Norme, Sculpture

Jean-Jacques Mancardi

Hors Norme, 2021
20.5 x 4.7 x 3.5 inch
Sculpture

$4,385

Jaromir Gargulak, Apple, Apple, Sculpture

Jaromir Gargulak

Apple, Apple, 2021
4.3 x 3.1 x 2.8 inch
Sculpture

$460

Our recommendations Luo Li Rong, Je me souviens de toi, Sculpture

Luo Li Rong

Je me souviens de toi, 2016
11.8 x 10.2 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$6,924

Our recommendations François Pompon, Le Grand-Duc, Sculpture

François Pompon

Le Grand-Duc, 1980
21.7 x 8.5 x 6.5 inch
Sculpture

$33,464

Our recommendations Pierre Gimenez, Etirements, Sculpture

Pierre Gimenez

Etirements, 2021
11.8 x 9.8 x 5.5 inch
Sculpture

$2,077

Our recommendations Mireia Serra, Merry love, Sculpture

Mireia Serra

Merry love, 2020
2.8 x 6.7 x 3.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,131

Our recommendations Deville-Chabrolle, Romantique, Sculpture

Deville-Chabrolle

Romantique, 2016
7.1 x 6.3 x 4.3 inch
Sculpture

$2,308

Our recommendations Babette Degraeve, Jongetje met hond (Little boy with dog), Sculpture

Babette Degraeve

Jongetje met hond (Little boy with dog), 2019
7.9 x 3.1 x 4.3 inch
Sculpture

$865

Our recommendations Antoniucci Volti, Le Cavalier (petit), Sculpture

Antoniucci Volti

Le Cavalier (petit), 1984
18.5 x 16.9 x 5.5 inch
Sculpture

$23,079

Our recommendations Berit, Sisters, Sculpture

Berit

Sisters, 2020
20.1 x 26.4 x 16.1 inch
Sculpture

$20,309

Our recommendations Irina Shark, Le masque de Camille, Sculpture

Irina Shark

Le masque de Camille, 2019
10.2 x 5.1 x 6.3 inch
Sculpture

$5,193

Our recommendations Isabelle Carabantes, Lionne assise, Sculpture

Isabelle Carabantes

Lionne assise, 2020
12.6 x 9.8 x 8.7 inch
Sculpture

$6,924

Our recommendations Chloé Sontrop, Liberté, Sculpture

Chloé Sontrop

Liberté, 2017
17.7 x 10.6 x 9.6 inch
Sculpture

$3,808

Our recommendations Xu Zhen, New, Sculpture

Xu Zhen

New, 2016
18.1 x 5.5 x 4.1 inch
Sculpture

$6,208

Pinto, Jour de fête, Sculpture

Pinto

Jour de fête, 2021
24.4 x 3.1 x 1.6 inch
Sculpture

$1,616

Stan Wysocki, Dame IV, Sculpture

Stan Wysocki

Dame IV, 2011
17.3 x 4.7 x 3.9 inch
Sculpture

$1,154

Antonio Saura, Nez, Sculpture

Antonio Saura

Nez, 1990
20.1 x 25.2 x 0.4 inch
Sculpture

$5,770

Cécile Thonus, Si je te rejoignais ?, Sculpture

Cécile Thonus

Si je te rejoignais ?, 2021
19.5 x 6.4 x 5.3 inch
Sculpture

$1,096

Our recommendations Mélanie Quentin, Ix-Chell, Sculpture

Mélanie Quentin

Ix-Chell, 2010
11.8 x 7.9 x 7.9 inch
Sculpture

$3,693

Roberto Matta, Bag with Wings, Sculpture

Roberto Matta

Bag with Wings, 1971
37 x 53.9 x 25.2 inch
Sculpture

$33,464

Our recommendations Joyce Fournier, A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), Sculpture

Joyce Fournier

A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), 2019
9 x 9.5 x 6 inch
Sculpture

$3,100 $2,790

Our recommendations Dominique Rayou, Peau de pêche, Sculpture

Dominique Rayou

Peau de pêche, 2017
7.1 x 7.9 x 6.7 inch
Sculpture

$3,923

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont, Babel - bronze, Sculpture

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont

Babel - bronze, 2018
8.3 x 3.9 x 3.9 inch
Sculpture

$404

Our recommendations Julien Marinetti, Panda BA, Sculpture

Julien Marinetti

Panda BA, 2020
15.7 x 11 x 11.8 inch
Sculpture

$16,732

Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
13.8 x 8.7 x 4.7 inch
Sculpture

$2,308

Our recommendations Sébastien Langloÿs, Polymnie, Bronze n°2/8, Sculpture

Sébastien Langloÿs

Polymnie, Bronze n°2/8, 2017
12.6 x 8.7 x 7.1 inch
Sculpture

$10,962

Our recommendations Lynn Chadwick, Rad Lad II (362), Sculpture

Lynn Chadwick

Rad Lad II (362), 1961
15.75 x 5.5 x 4.5 inch
Sculpture

$85,000

Our recommendations Gediminas Endriekus, Girl, Sculpture

Gediminas Endriekus

Girl, 2018
7.1 x 4.7 x 5.9 inch
Sculpture

$2,654

Our recommendations Igor Mitoraj, Centurion II, Sculpture

Igor Mitoraj

Centurion II, 1986
7.1 x 5.5 x 2.4 inch
Sculpture

$11,539

Our recommendations Karen Marre, Quel cirk 2, Sculpture

Karen Marre

Quel cirk 2, 2015
21.7 x 11 x 7.1 inch
Sculpture

$2,077

Our recommendations Beatrice Bizot, Contemplation, Sculpture

Beatrice Bizot

Contemplation, 2020
9.8 x 3.5 x 3.1 inch
Sculpture

$1,096

Our recommendations Thierry Dehais, Le silence, Sculpture

Thierry Dehais

Le silence, 2007
8.7 x 3.9 x 3.9 inch
Sculpture

$750

Maguy Banq, Réflexion, Sculpture

Maguy Banq

Réflexion, 2019
7.3 x 3.3 x 5.1 inch
Sculpture

$2,192

Our recommendations Aurelija Simkute, Patronage, Sculpture Bronze, Sculpture

Aurelija Simkute

Patronage, Sculpture Bronze, 2017
15.7 x 5.1 x 4.3 inch
Sculpture

$6,116

Halinka Jakubowska, Accès au Secret, Sculpture

Halinka Jakubowska

Accès au Secret, 2016
11.8 x 3.9 x 1.6 inch
Sculpture

$2,192

Sara Ingleby-Mackenzie, Apple Pudding, Sculpture

Sara Ingleby-Mackenzie

Apple Pudding, 2017
11.4 x 2.4 x 1.2 inch
Sculpture

$949

Laurelle Bessé, Arbre sur roche, Sculpture

Laurelle Bessé

Arbre sur roche, 2018
33.1 x 6.7 x 0.8 inch
Sculpture

$923

Our recommendations Haude Bernabé, Twins, Sculpture

Haude Bernabé

Twins, 2015
30.7 x 8.7 x 7.9 inch
Sculpture

$9,462

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